中文版 English
  首页 | 公告通知 | 管理机构 | 极地科研 | 国际合作 | 政策法规
  极地气象 | 极地影像 | 重要记事 | 专题报道 | 南极篇 | 北极篇
 
 
南极篇
 
 
 
热点文章
 
  首页 > 国际极地考察概况 > 国际极地考察概况

国际极地考察概况

时间:2015-08-11 20:37:56 浏览:29003 次

1.各国考察站

国家 位置 站名 所属区域

Argentina阿根廷
Almirante Brown 64°53'S, 62°53'W 布朗海军上将站 1951 LOY Paradise Bay
* Belgrano II Station 77°52'S, 34°37'W贝尔格拉诺将军2号站 1955.1 LTA8 Luitpold Coast
Cámara 62°36'S, 59°54'W 卡马拉站 1953 King George Island
Decepción Island 62°59'S, 60°42'W 迪塞普申岛 48-57 Deception Isl. / S.S.
* Esperanza Station 63°24'S, 56°59'W 埃斯佩兰萨站 1952.1 LTA Hope Bay,Trinity Pen
* Jubany Station 62°14'S, 58°40'W 尤巴尼站 1991 K.G. (+ Dallmann Lab.)
* Marambio Station 64°14'S, 56°37'W马兰比奥站 1969.1 LUU Seymour Island
Melchior 64°20'S, 62°59'W 梅尔基奥尔站 1947-60 Anvers Island
* Orcadas Station 60°44'S, 44°44'W奥卡达斯站 1904.2 LOK Laurie Island
Petrel 63°28'S, 56°17'W 彼得雷尔站 1967.2LOD3 Dundee Island
Primavera 64°09'S, 60°58'W普里马韦拉站 1997.3 Alejandrina Isl.
* San Martin Station 68°08'S, 67°06'W圣马丁站 1951/57 Barry Island
A. de Navajo Sobral 81°05'S, 40°31'W索布拉尔站 65-68 Edith Ronne Land
Teniente Matienzo 64°58'S, 60°04'W马廷索中尉站 1961.3 Nunatak Larsen

Australia 澳大利亚
* Casey 66°18'S,110°32'E凯西站 1957.2 VNJ Vincennes Bay/Budd Coast
* Davis 68°36'S, 77°58'E戴维斯站 1957 VLZ Ingrid Christensen Coast
Heard Is http://www.antdiv.gov.au/stations/he 53°06'S, 73°43'E赫德岛站 1952 Spit Bay
Law Dome 66°53'S,113°15'E劳穹丘站 Budd Coast
Law Base 69°23'S, 76°23'E劳基地 Larsemann Hills
* Macquarie Is http://www.antdiv.gov.au/station54°30'S,158°57'E麦夸里岛站 1948 Macquarie Island
* Mawson http://www.antdiv.gov.au/stations/maws67°36'S, 62°52'E莫森站 1954 VLV Mc Robertson Land

Brazil 巴西
* Ferraz 62°05'S, 58°24'W费拉兹站 1989 King George Island

Chile 智利
Carvajal 67°45'S, 68°54'W卡瓦哈尔站 Adelaide Island
* Escudero 62°12'S, 58°58'W埃斯库多罗 1994 South Shetland
* Frei 62°12'S, 58°58'W弗雷总统站 King George Isl
GGV(Gabriel Gonzalez Vidiez) 64°49'S, 62°52'W加布里埃尔 冈萨雷斯 1957 Palmer Peninsula
* O'Higgins 63°19'S, 57°54'W贝尔纳多奥伊金斯将军站 1948.2 Palmer Peninsula
* Prat 62°30'S, 59°41'W阿图罗普拉特船长站 1947.2 Greenwich Island
Ripamonti 62°12'S, 58°53'W 1982 King George Isl.
Risopatron 62°22'S, 59°40'W 1954 Robert Island
Teniente Rodolfo Marsh 62°12'S, 58°55'W马尔什基地 1969 King George Isl.
Yelcho 64°51'S, 63°35'W耶尔乔站 1962 Doumer Island,AA Penin

China 中国
* Great Wall 62°13'S, 58°58'W长城站 1985.2 King George Island
* Zhongshan 69°22'S, 76°23'E中山站 1989.2 Princess Elizabeth Island

Ecuador厄瓜多尔
Vicente 62°27'S, 59°45'W彼得罗比森德马尔多纳多站 1990.2 Greenwich Island

Finland 芬兰
Aboa 73°03'S, 13°25'W阿博阿站 1988/89 Princess Martha Coast

France 法国
* Alfred-Faure,is Crozet 46°26'S, 51°52'E艾尔弗雷德-福尔站 1964 Iles Crozet/Posession I.
Dome C (France) 75°06'S, 123°23'多姆 C 1997 East Antarctica
* Dumont d'Urville Station 66°40'S,140°01'E迪蒙迪维尔站 1956 JGX Petrel Isl./Terre Adelie
Martin-de-Viviès,I Amsterdam 37°50'S, 77°34'E马丁-德维维耶斯《阿姆斯特丹岛》 1950 Ile Amsterdam
* Port aux Francais,Is Kerguelen 49°21'S, 70°12'E法兰西港(凯尔盖朗群岛) 1951 Iles Kerguelen

Germany 德国
Dallmann (Germany) 62°14'S; 58°40'W达尔曼站 1994.1 K.G.(at Jubany,Argent.)
George Forster 70°46'S, 11°50'E乔治福斯特站 1976-92 Schirmacher Oase
Kohnen 75°0'S, 0°4'E科嫩站 2001.1
* Neumayer Station 70°39'S, 08°15'W纽梅因站 1992 Ekstroem Ice Shelf

India 印度
Dakshin Gangotri 70°45'S, 11°38'E南根戈德里站 1984-87 Princes Astrid Coast
* Maitri 70°46'S, 11°44'E麦特瑞(迈特里)站 1989/92 Schirmacher Oasen

Italy 意大利
Bala Terra Nova 74°41'S, 164°07'特拉诺瓦湾站 1986 Pennell Coast
Dome C (Italy) 75°06'S, 123°24'多姆 C

Japan 日本
Asuka 71°32'S, 24°08'E飞鸟站 1984-91 Princess Ragnhild Coast
Dome Fuji 77°19'S, 39°42'E多姆 F 1995 Valkyrjedomen
Miznho 70°42'S, 44°20'E瑞穗站 1970.7 Olav Coast
* Syowa 69°00'S, 39°35'E昭和站 1957.1 JGX Ongul Island

Korea 韩国
* King Sejong 62°13'S, 58°47'W石(世)宗王 1988 King George Island

New Zealan 新西兰
Campbell Island 52°33'S, 169°09'坎贝尔岛站或营铃站
Hallett 72°30'S, 170°10'哈利特站 Victoria Land
* Scott Base 77°51'S, 166°45'斯科特基地 1987-9 ZLQ McMurdo Sound
Vanda 77°31'S, 161°40'万达站 1967/6ZLYV Victoria Land

Norway 挪威
Tor 71°53'S, 5°10'E托尔站 1993 Dronning Maud Land
Camp Norway 3 72°30'S, 15°15'W挪威 3 营地
Troll 72°0' S, 2°32'E特罗尔站 1990.2 Dronning Maud Land

Peru 秘鲁
Macchu Picchu 62°52'S, 58°30'W马丘比丘站 1989.2 King George Isl.

Poland 波兰
* Arctowski 62°09'S, 58°28'W阿(尔茨)托夫斯基站 1978 King George Island

Russian Fe 俄罗斯
* Bellingshausen 62°12'S, 58°58'W别林斯高晋站 1968 King George Island
Druzhnaya 4 77°50'S, 40°10'E友谊站
Leningradskaya 69°30'S,159°23'E列宁格勒站 1971.2 Oats Coast
* Mirny 66°33'S, 93°01'E和平站 1956.2 Guillaume II Coast
* Molodezhnaya 67°40'S, 45°51'E青年站 1952-99 Enderby Land
* Novolazarevskaya 70°46'S, 11°50'E新拉札列夫站 1961-92 Schirmacher Oase
* Progress 69°24'S, 76°24'E进步站 1988 Christensen Coast
Soyuz 70°35'S, 68°47'E联盟站 1982-89 Wilkes Land
Rysskaya 74°46'S,136°51'W俄罗斯站 1980 Mary Bird Land
* Vostok 78°28'S,106°49'E东方站 1957 Wilkes Land

South Afri 南非
E-Base 70°18'S, 02°24'WE-基地 [Emergency Base]
* Gough http://home.intekom.com/gough/ 40°21'S, 09°52'W高夫岛站 1948 Gough Island
Sarie Marais? 72°02'S, 02°48'W 1987 Grune Hogua Mountains
* Marion 46°52'S, 37°51'E玛瑞岛站(马里翁岛站) 1949 Prince Edward Islands
* SANAE IV 71°41'S, 02°50'W萨纳埃站 1962 ARRP Vesleskarvet

Spain 西班牙
Juan Carlos I 62°40'S, 62°20'E胡安.卡洛斯一世站 1987-88 Livingston Island
Gabriele de Castilla 62°59'S, 60°41'W加布里埃尔+D32 1989-90 Deception Isl.

Sweden 瑞典
Svea 74°35'S, 11°13'W斯维基地 1987/88 Princess Martha Coast
Wasa 73°02'S, 13°25'W贝森站 Princess Martha Coast

Ukraine 乌克兰
* Vernadsky(Faraday) 65°15'S, 64°16'W乌克兰站 1947-96 Galindez I./Argentine I.

United Kingdom 英国
* Bird 54°00'S, 38°03'W鸟岛站 1963 South Georgia
Faraday Station 65°15'S, 64°16'W法拉弟站 1947 ZHF44Argentine Isl.
* Halley 75°35'S, 26°15'W哈利(雷)站 1956 VSD Brunt Ice Shelf
King Edward Point 54°17'S, 36°30'W爱德华王角站 1950 Grytviken,South Georgia
Rothera 67°34'S, 68°07'W罗瑟拉站 1961 ZHF44Adelaide Island
Signy 60°43'S, 45°36'W西格尼站 1947.3ZHF33Signy Isl./South Orkney

United States 美国
Byrd Station 80°01'S,119°32'W伯德站 1962.2 NBY Mary Bird Land
* McMurdo 77°51'S,166°40'E麦克默多站 1956.2 NGD Ross Island
* Palmer 64°46'S, 64°03'W帕默站 1965.2 NGH Anvers Island
Siple 75°56'S, 84°15'W赛普尔站 1969 SIPLEEllsworth Land
* South Pole Amundsen-Scott Base 90°S, 00°00'W阿蒙森-斯科特基地 1957.1 NPX South Pole

Uruguay 乌拉圭
* Artigas 62°11'S, 58°51'W阿蒂加斯站 1984.12 King George Island

* 常年站

夏季站

2. 各国考察船
Nation 国名 ships and vessels船 名 Operator船东 Purpose用 途 Ice class 抗冰级
Build year建船年份 Vessel length (metres)船长(米) Vessel beam (metres)船宽(米)
Vessel displacement(tons)(船排水量吨位)

Argentina(阿根廷)
* Almirante Irizar State owned "Logistics, Marine science" 1A Super 1978 119.3 25 14 494 *Puerto Deseado State owned Marine science 1978 77 13 2 490 Suboficial Castillo State owned Auxiliary tasks 1943 64 11 1 600

Australia 澳大利亚
* Aurora Australis Commercial "Marine science, Resupply" "1A Super Icebreaker Lloyds + 100 A1 + LMC UMS DP (CM CASPR Class 2 amidships, Class 3 fore and aft)" 1989 94.91 20.3 8 158 *Polar Bird Commercial "Logistics, Resupply" GL+100 A4 E4 Arc1 GMC E4 bow Arc2 1984 109.6 19.9 4378

Brazil 巴西
* Ary Rongel State owned 1A1 1981 76.2 13 3 700

Chile 智利
* Aquiles Navy Passenger transport 1988 103 17 4 760 Aspirante Isaza Navy "Auxiliary tasks, Navy patrol" 1994 42.5 8.5 517
* Galvarino Navy "Navy patrol, Resupply, Towing" 1974 58.33 12.22 2 380
* Lautaro Navy "Navy patrol, Resupply, Towing" 1973 58.33 12.2 2 381
* Oscar Viel Toro Navy "Oceanography, Resupply" 1969 89.91 19.05 7 553

China 中国
Xuelong State owned "Marine science, Resupply" Ice Breaker B1 1993 167 22.6 14 997

Ecuador 厄瓜多尔
* RV Orion Navy Marine science 1981 70.21 10.6 1418Germany 德国
* Polarstern State owned Marine science GL/ARC3 1982 117.91 25.07 17 000


Finland 芬兰
* Aranda State owned Marine science "Finnish-Swedish
Ice class 1A Super" 1989 59.2 13.8 1 734


France 法国
* L'Astrolabe Commercial "Logistics, Marine science, Oceanography,
Passenger transport, Resupply" "100 A1 LMC,ICE Class 1" 1986 63.6 13.05 1 400 * La Curieuse 1989 25 6.9 350
* Marion Dufresne 1995 120 20.6 10130

India 印度
* Polar Bird


Italy 意大利
* Italica Commercial "Marine science, Resupply, Tanker" "100 A.1.1 Rina, RG1, Ice 1A Super" 1981 130 17.3 5 000 *OGS Explorer

Japan 日本
* Hakuho-Maru State owned Marine science 1989 100 16.2 5 531.8
* Hakurei-Maru State owned Oceanography C 1974 86.95 13.4 1 830
* Kaiyo Maru State owned Marine science 1991 93 15 2 942
* Shirase Navy "Marine science, Resupply" Ice Class AC1.5 (LRS) 1982 134 18         600
* Umitaka-Maru State owned Training 1973 79 12.4 1 974

New Zealand 新西兰
* RV Tangaroa State owned Marine science C 1991 70 13.8 2282

Norway 挪威
* RV Lance State owned "Logistics, Marine science" Ice-1A 1978 60.8 12.6 1 980 Peru 秘鲁
* Humboldt State owned "Marine science, Resupply" 1978 76.2 12.6 1 980

Russian Federation 俄罗斯
* Akademik Federov State owned "Marine science, Resupply" KM * NLA 2 A2 1987 141.2 16 500 * Karpinsky State owned Marine science KM-ILA2 1984 104.5 16.03 5715 * Mikhail Somov *Yuzhmorgeologiya State owned Marine science KM * L2 1 A2 1985 104.5 16 5 512

Republic of Korea 韩国
* Onnuri


South Africa 南非
* Agulhas State owned "Marine science, Resupply" LRS Ice Class 1 1977 111.95 18.05 1 836.99


Spain 西班牙
* Hesperides State owned " Logistics, Marine science,
Oceanography" 1B 1990 82.5 14 2 665 * Las Palmas State owned Logistics 1978 41.2 11.6 1500


United Kingdom 英国
* James Clark Ross "Lloyds 100 A1 Ice
Class 1A Super. " 1991 99.04 * Endurance
* Ernest Shackleton "DnV*A1 Icebreaker
ICE 05" 1995 80 17

U S A 美国
* Greenwave Commercial Resupply ABS-B 1980 154.6 21.2 18 469
* Gus W Darne II Commercial Tanker ABS-C 1985-1986 187.5 21.2 33 093
* Lawrence H Gianella Commercial Tanker ABS-C 1985-1986 187.5 21.2 33 093
* Lawrence M Gould Commercial "Marine science, Resupply" ABS-A1 1997 70.1 14.02 3 466
* Nathaniel B Palmer Commercial Oceanography ABS-A2 1992 94 18.3 6 909
* Paul Buck Commercial Tanker ABS-C 1985-1986 187.5 21.2 33 093
* Polar Sea Navy Navy patrol ABS-A5 (equivalent) 1977 120.9 27.4 13 405
* Polar Star Navy Navy patrol ABS-A5 (equivalent) 1976 120.9 27.4 13 405
* Richard G Matthiessen Commercial Tanker ABS-C 1985-1986 187.5 21.2 33 093
* Samuel L Cobb Commercial Tanker ABS-C 1985-1986 187.5 21.2 33 093

Uruguay 乌拉圭
*Vanguardia "Marine science, Resupply, Search and rescue" Light ice traffic (1.2m thick) 1976 72.67 12.03 1 872

 



© 国家海洋局极地考察办公室 京ICP备05083687号   
   通讯地址:北京复兴门外大街1号  邮政编码:100860
电话:(010)68047750   传真:(010)68012776   Email: